adsl

Average UK broadband speeds hit double figures

Residential broadband speeds more than treble in four years to 12.0Mbit/s

Average residential UK broadband speeds reached 12.0Mbit/s in November 2012, Ofcom research reveals.

Ofcom’s latest report into fixed-line residential broadband speeds shows that the average actual UK speed has risen by a third (3.1Mbit/s or 34%) in the six months from May to November 2012, as take-up of ‘superfast’ services increased.

The report also shows that the average broadband speed has more than trebled in the last four years, from 3.6Mbit/s in November 2008 to its current level of 12.0Mbit/s (an increase of 234%).

Table One: Average actual UK fixed-line residential broadband speeds since November 20081

Date Average actual UK fixed-line residential broadband speed
Nov 2008 3.6Mbit/s
May 2009 4.1Mbit/s
May 2010 5.2Mbit/s
Nov/Dec 2010 6.2Mbit/s
May 2011 6.8Mbit/s
Nov 2011 7.6Mbit/s
May 2012 9.0Mbit/s
November 2012 12.0Mbit/s

Migration to high-speed services gains momentum

Consumers’ continuing migration to higher-speed broadband packages is helping to drive the increase in actual UK average speeds2.

By November 2012, more than three quarters (77%) of UK fixed-line residential broadband users were on packages with advertised speeds above ‘up to’ 10Mbit/s, up from 58% a year earlier.

The proportion of broadband connections classed as ‘superfast’ (those with an advertised speed of ‘up to’ 30Mbit/s or above) is also on the increase. By November 2012, 13% of residential broadband connections were superfast, more than doubling from 5% in November 2011.

Ed Richards, Ofcom Chief Executive, said: “Our research shows that UK consumers are adopting faster broadband packages to cater for their increasing use of bandwidth-heavy services such as video streaming. The increase in the average number of connected devices in UK homes is also driving the need for speed.

“Internet providers are working to meet consumer demand through network upgrades and the launch of superfast packages, giving consumers faster speeds and greater choice.”

Average speeds by connection category

Superfast

The research shows that residential superfast broadband connections are getting faster, with average speeds increasing from 35.8Mbit/s in May 2012, to 44.6Mbit/s in November 2012 (an increase of 8.8Mbit/s or 25%).

The increase during this six-month period was primarily driven by growth in take-up of ‘up to’ 76Mbit/s fibre-to-the-cabinet (FTTC) services and Virgin Media continuing to upgrade its existing customer base on to higher speed services.

Current Generation

For connections with a headline speed above ‘up to’ 10Mbit/s but below ‘up to’ 30Mbit/s, average speeds increased from 7.3Mbit/s in May 2012, to 8.1Mbit/s in November 2012 (an increase of 0.7Mbit/s or 10%).3

Average speeds within the ‘up to’ 2Mbit/s and ‘up to’ (and including) 10Mbit/s category fell from 5.6Mbit/s to 4.4Mbit/s during the same period (a decrease of 1.2Mbit/s or 21%).

This decrease is partly due to the fact that this category now contains a lower proportion of cable connections (as a result of Virgin Media’s ‘double speed’ upgrade programme), which typically deliver much higher speeds than the copper connections that make up the rest of this category.4

Average speeds by technology

Of the different types of broadband technologies, Ofcom’s research found that cable broadband connections generated the greatest increases in average speeds in the six months to November 2012 – up by 10.4Mbit/s (58%) to 28.3Mbit/s.

Average actual speeds recorded for fibre connections also increased, by 9.4Mbit/s (30%) to 41.0Mbit/s, during the same period.

Average speeds for ADSL broadband – a technology that delivers broadband over copper wires – also increased, albeit by just 0.2Mbit/s (3%) to 6.0Mbit/s.

Comparisons between ISPs’ download speeds

Of the 12 ISP packages included in the report, Virgin Media’s ‘up to’ 100Mbit/s service was the fastest, with the research revealing average actual speeds of 92.6Mbit/s over a 24 hour period.

Of the other superfast packages included in the research, the average download speed on BT Infinity’s ‘up to’ 76Mbit/s service was 63.3Mbit/s, compared with Virgin Media’s ‘up to’ 60Mbit/s at 59.0Mbit/s.

BT’s ‘up to’ 38Mbit/s package achieved speeds of 34.2Mbit/s while Virgin Media’s ‘up to’ 30Mbit/s service had average speeds of 28.7Mbit/s.

Measuring speeds at peak times

The report contains new analysis comparing average peak time speeds (weekdays from 8pm to 10pm) with maximum connection speeds (the maximum speed achieved by each connection during the month).

Networks can become more congested at peak times resulting in lower speeds. This is known as ‘network contention’. 5 The most significant differences in speeds achieved at peak times occurred for superfast packages.

In this category, the proportion of panellists who, on average, received more than 90% of their maximum speeds at peak times ranged from 35% for Virgin Media’s ‘up to’ 30Mbit/s service to 91% for BT’s ‘up to’ 38Mbit/s service.

The findings suggest that, while there was relatively little congestion in BT’s fibre network in November 2012, levels of contention were higher in Virgin Media’s cable network.

Table Two: Average download speeds by ISP package6

These ranges reflect the average speeds that would be achieved 95 times out of 100 if the exercise was repeated with 100 sets of different panellists. If the range of two operators overlap, then these operators offer comparable performance. These ranges are not a description of the range of speeds actually measured.

 

Fastest upload speeds

Ofcom’s research also looks at upload speeds, which are particularly important to those consumers looking to share large files or use real-time video communications. The average actual upload speed of a UK fixed broadband connection was 1.4Mbit/s in November 2012, 0.3Mbit/s (30%) higher than the average recorded in May 2012.

The research found that BT Infinity’s ‘up to’ 76Mbit/s service delivered the highest upload speeds of all the packages, averaging 16.1Mbit/s. Among the ADSL2+ packages included in the research, O2’s service provided the fastest average upload speeds at 1.0Mbit/s.

Ofcom broadband speeds research

This is Ofcom’s eighth report into fixed-line residential broadband speeds using data collected by research partner SamKnows.

The report provides data on the average performance of fixed-line residential broadband in the UK and of the individual ISP packages included in the research. In total, these packages accounted for over 60% of UK residential broadband connections in November 2012.

The results help consumers to understand the significant variations in the performance of ISP packages and, when considered alongside other factors such as price, can help them to make more informed purchasing decisions.

All of the UK’s largest ISPs are signatories to Ofcom’s Voluntary Code of Practice on broadband speeds. Ofcom is conducting mystery shopping research to check ISPs’ compliance with the code this year.

Ofcom will also be carrying out research to assess the average mobile broadband speeds received by 3G and 4G customers. Ofcom expects to conduct this research around December 2013 and publish the results in spring 2014.

UK cities to get fast broadband cash

The government has announced how it will share the money promised to 10 UK cities to allow them to create superfast broadband networks.

London gets the largest share of the £114m pot with £25m, followed by Leeds and Bradford, which will divide £14.4m.

The money will be used to build city-wide networks, offering homes and businesses speeds of up to 100Mbps (megabits per second).

The government wants to make the UK the fastest place in Europe by 2015.

A further £50m is to be awarded to ten smaller cities.

How the cash is split

  • London – £25m
  • Leeds and Bradford – £14.4m
  • Belfast – £13.7m
  • Manchester – £12m
  • Bristol – £11.3m
  • Cardiff – £11m
  • Edinburgh – £10.7m
  • Birmingham – £10m
  • Newcastle – £6m

Digital leaders

New culture secretary Maria Miller promised last week to cut the red tape associated with broadband rollouts.

She hopes that the city networks can be built soon.

“These 10 cities have produced ambitious and comprehensive plans, which will turn them into digital leaders, and give their local economies a real boost,” she said.

The new investment will help put these cities at the centre of the digital stage, competing for jobs and investment with the best in the world,” she added.

Alongside the government money, each city is expected to invest some of its own funds in the broadband projects.

The 10 cities’ plans are expected to bring superfast broadband access (offering speeds between 80 and 100 megabits per second) to around an extra 230,000 residential and 55,000 business premises as well as high speed wireless to even more.

All the networks are due to be completed by 2015.

[via BBC News]

UK internet ‘to be fastest in Europe by 2015’

The UK will have the fastest broadband of any major European country by 2015, Culture Secretary Jeremy Hunt has said.

He reiterated that he wanted to bring high-speed broadband – which he defined as greater than 24 Megabits per second – to more than 90% of the country.

Mr Hunt outlined the ambition in a speech at Google’s Campus building in east London.

His comments followed heavy criticism last month from a Lords committee which said plans were too focused on speed.

The report from the communications committee said Mr Hunt’s ambitions were “misguided” and left “a very real risk that some people and businesses are being left behind, that inadequate access to the internet and all its benefits is actually afflicting their daily lives”.

On Monday, Mr Hunt defended his focus on higher speeds, which he said would be needed in order for the UK’s network to remain competitive with others in Europe.

“We simply will not have a competitive broadband network unless we recognise the massive growth in demand for higher and higher speeds,” Mr Hunt said.

“Today’s superfast is tomorrow’s superslow. Just as the last government was wrong to hang its hat on 2Mbps speeds, we must never fall into the trap of saying any speed is ‘enough’.”

Fibre To The Home

He said the government had begun looking at the ways it will allocate part of a £300m slice of the television license fee to provide high-speed broadband to a greater number than the existing target of 90% of the country.

Initially, much of this speed increase will be achieved by a Fibre To The Cabinet (FTTC) system, in which high-speed fibre cabling is connected to a cabinet near a user’s home.

Internet data will then travel the final distance through copper cabling, which is slower. The possible connection speed available via FTTC decreases as it travels further away from the cabinet.

Because of this issue, Mr Hunt said FTTC will only be a temporary measure.

“The reason we are backing Fibre To The Cabinet as a potential medium-term solution is simple: The increase in speeds that it allows – 80 Mbps certainly but in certain cases up to 1 gigabit – will comfortably create Europe’s biggest and most profitable high-speed broadband market,” he said.

“And in doing so we will create the conditions whereby, if fibre to the home is still the best way to get the very highest speeds, private sector companies will invest to provide it.”

Fibre To the Home (FTTH) allows a fibre-speed connection to reach individual homes without the need for slower copper cabling.

By 2016, he said up to two-thirds of the country will be able to access Fibre To The Home (FTTH).

[Via BBC News]

Lancashire agrees broadband deal

Lancashire has become the first UK county to agree a deal to roll broadband out to rural areas.

It will use some government money and has partnered with BT which will also be providing funding.

The government wants to improve rural broadband and councils have been given until the end of April to get projects up and running.

Ofcom estimates that 15% of homes in the county currently have speeds of less than 2Mbps (megabits per second).

The government has pledged to provide everyone in the country with speeds of at least 2Mbps by 2015 and has set aside £530m to fund this.

It also wants to see 90% of homes and businesses have access to “superfast” broadband – defined as speeds of 24Mbps or higher – by the same timeframe.

There have been criticisms that the drive to get broadband into rural areas has been too slow with councils ill-equipped to negotiate deals with telecom companies (telcos) and too little money being provided to help them.

BDUK (Broadband Delivery) was set up to administer the cash. Each county was told how much money it would get from the pot although few have yet come up with viable projects.

BT is one of the few telcos bidding to provide networks.

Starting blocks

In Lancashire BT plans to extend its existing fibre broadband to 97% of premises in the county by the end of 2014.

The telco will contribute £30m to the project with the government putting in £10.8m. Some £16.5m will come from the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) with local councils contributing £5.2m.

Lancashire county council (LCC) said the broadband project would also boost the local economy by creating about 2,500 jobs and protecting more than 1,200 jobs over the next few years.

In addition, LCC has created a £500,000 community fund to help reach the most remote premises with an initial pilot taking place to the east of Lancaster.

Geoff Driver, leader of Lancashire County Council, said: “Today our ambition to provide Lancashire citizens and business with a world-class broadband service turns into a reality. It is important that as many areas as possible benefit, and that is why we have ensured that even the more remote areas of the county see a significant improvement in their speeds.”

Bill Murphy, managing director, Next Generation Access, BT, added: “It’s great to see Lancashire be first out of the BDUK starting blocks in this regional race for speed.”

Via BBC News

NextGenUs rural broadband firm runs out of cash

The rural broadband firm Next Genus has signalled that it is on the brink of collapse.

On its blog, the company announced that it had failed to find any “viable sources of finance” and would soon cease operations.

The company tried to bring high-speed net services to rural areas by using local champions and private finance.

Rival net firms have stepped in to keep customers connected in some areas, but others have effectively been cut off.

Local action

Next Genus had been using a mixture of fibre cables and wireless to take very high speed broadband (10-60 megabits per second) to some parts of the UK that would struggle to get it any other way.

It provided marketing materials and support to locals to help them generate interest in getting the high-speed service and, once enough people had committed, began putting infrastructure in place to serve them.

The service had proved popular in parts of Cumbria, Lincolnshire and East Yorkshire, where significant numbers of customers had signed up.

Many were cut off this week when the company revealed that there was “no realistic prospect” of it finding enough money to pay its creditors.

In Hull and East Yorkshire, rival Quickline stepped in to keep net connections running – as did ISP KCom in Hull.

In Cumbria, Next Genus’s service was briefly stopped then restarted as talks began with a potential investor. It said it was working to find purchasers for other parts of its network.

Next Genus has not answered any requests for comment.

Its blog said that: “Customers will be receiving an email in the near future giving more information.”

via: BBC News